About Avicennа’s modification of Aristotelian hylemorphism: immaterialization of the human soul

русская версия

DOI https://doi.org/10.31696/2618-7043-2023-6-5-927-942
Affiliation: Институт востоковедения РАН
член редакционной коллегии
Sections PHILOSOPHY OF THE EAST. History of philosophy
Pages 927 - 942

The article continues our study of the reception of aristotelian psychology in the philosophy of the greatest thinker of classical Islam — Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980– 1037), which has been begun in this journal (2021, No. 4). Endowing aristotelism with an immortological dimension, the Muslim philosopher transforms hylemorphism into entelechism, justiϐies the substantiality of the soul, its incorporeality and incorruptibility. In avicennian reconstruction of aristotelian treatise “On the Soul” primary attention is paid to criticism of the opinions on the soul as harmony or mixture, as well as to the interpretation of Stagirite’s thesis about the non-magnitudeness of mind in a sense of assertion about soul’s immateriality resulting from its status as a substratum of intelligibles. The article also highlights Ibn-Sina’s modiϐication of the relevant statements regarding the organs of the rational soul.

Download PDF Download JATS
  1. Aristotle. On the Soul. Aristotle. Writings in Four Volumes. Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl, 1978, pp. 51–90 (in Russian).
  2. Aristotle. Metaphysics. On the Soul. Aristotle. Writings in Four Volumes. Vol. 1. Moscow: Mysl, 1976. Pp. 63–368 (in Russian).
  3. Aristotle. On the Generation of Animals. Moscow — Leningrad: USSR Academy of Sciences Publishing, 1940 (in Russian).
  4. Aristotle. On the Generation and Corruption. Aristotle. Writings in Four Volumes. Vol. 3. Moscow: Mysl, 1981, pp. 379–440 (in Russian).
  5. Aristotle. On the Soul. Aristotle. Writings in Four Volumes. Vol. 1. Moscow: Mysl, 1976, pp. 369–448 (in Russian).
  6. Aristotle. On Sleep and Waking. Platonic Studies. 2021. Iss. 14. No 1, pp. 226–251.
  7. Aristotle. Physics. Aristotle. Writings in Four Volumes. Vol. 3. Moscow: Mysl, 1981, pp. 59–262 (in Russian).
  8. Bahmanyar. At-Tahsil. Medieval Arab-Muslim Philosophy in the Translations of A.V. Sagadeev. Vol. 2 Moscow: Mardjani Publishing House, 2010. (in Russian).
  9. Efremova N. V. Avicennian Reсeption of Aristotle’s Philosophical Psychology: the Definition of the Soul. Orientalistica. 2021. Vol. 4. No 4, pp. 967–986 (in Russian).
  10. Ibn-Rushd. Great Commentary on the Aristotle’s De anima (Book III, Comment. 17–19). Islam in the Modern World. 2020. Vol. 16. No 2, pp. 221–240 (in Russian).
  11. Ibn-Sina (Avicenna). Psychology. The Healing: theology. In 2 vols. Moscow: Institute of Oriental Studies Russian Academy of Sciences, 2022. Vol. II, pp. 7–184 (in Russian).
  12. Ibn Sina. The Book of Knowledge. Ibn-Sina. Selected Philosophical Works. Moscow: Nauka, 1980, pp. 59–228 (in Russian).
  13. Ibn Sina. The Book on Soul. In: Ibn-Sina. Selected Philosophical Works. Moscow: Nauka, 1980, pp. 385–521(in Russian).
  14. Ibn Sina. Pointers and Reminders. Ibn-Sina. Selected Philosophical Works. Moscow: Nauka, 1980, pp. 229–382 (in Russian).
  15. Ibn-Sina. Pointers and Reminders (Metaphysics). Part four. Orientalistica. 2019. Vol. 2. No 2, pp. 337–374 (in Russian).
  16. Ibragim T.K., Efremova N.V. Muslim Religious Philosophy. Falsafa. Kazan: Kazan University Publishing House, 2014.
  17. Ibragim T., Efremova N. V. On the Modernist Reception of Falsafa’s Theology. Islamic Thought: Tradition and Modernity. No 7 (2022). Moscow: Medina Publishing House, 2023, pp. 475–548 (in Russian).
  18. Plato. Phaedo. In: Plato.Writings in four volumes. Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl, 1993, pp. 7–80 (in Russian).
  19. Plato. Timaeus. In: Plato. Writings in four volumes. Vol. 3. Moscow: Mysl, 1994, pp. 421–500 (in Russian).
  20. Averrois Cordubensis Commentarium Magnum in Aristotelis De Anima Libros. Cambridge, Massachussetts: The Medieval Academy of America, 1953 (in Latin).
  21. Shields Ch. Commentary. Aristotle. De Anima. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2016, pp. 79–379.
  22. Gutas D. Avicenna and the Aristotelian Tradition. Leiden — Boston: Brill, 2014.
  23. Ibn-Rushd. Talkhis Kitab an-Nafs [Middle Commentary “On the Soul”] Cairo: al-Majlis al-a‘la li-th-thaqafa, 1994 (in Arabic).
  24. Ibn-Rushd. Talkhis Kitab an-Nafs [Middle Commentary “On the Soul”; in reality — Short Commentary]. Cairo: Maktabat an-Nahda al-misriyya, 1950, pp. 1–101. Cairo 1950, pp. 1–101 (in Arabic).
  25. Ibn-Sina. Al-Mubahathat [Discussions]. Qom: Bidar, 1413/1992. Qom, 1413/1992 (in Arabic).
  26. Ibn-Sina. At-Ta‘liqat [Glosses]. Qom: Marqaz-i Intisharat-i-Daftar-i Tabligat-i Islami.1421/2000. (in Arabic).
  27. Ibn-Sina. Ash-Shifa’: at-Tabi‘iyyat: 6) an-Nafs. [The Healing: Physics: 6) Psychology]. Cairo: al-Hay’a al-misriyya al-‘amma li-l-kitab, 1975 (in Arabic).
  28. Ibn-Sina. An-Nafs min Kitab ash-Shifa’ [(On the) Soul from the Book of Healing]. Qom: Marqaz-i-intisharat-i daftar-i tabligat-i islami, 1417/1996 (in Arabic).
  29. Ibn-Sina. [Risala ila al-Kiya] (Letter to al-Kiya). Al-Mubahathat [Discussions]. Qom: Bidar, 1413/1992, pp. 371–375 (in Arabic).
  30. Ibn-Sina. At-Ta‘liqat ‘ala hawashi Kitab an-Nafs li-Aristutalis [Marginal Glosses to the Aristotle's Book on Soul] ’Aristu ‘ind al-Arab [Aristotle among the Arabs]. El-Kuweit: Wiqalat al-matby‘at, 1978, pp. 75–116 (in Arabic).
  31. Ierodiakonou K. Perceptual Attention and Reflective Awareness in the Aristotelian Tradition. Aristotle’s On the Soul. A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022, pp. 174–194.
  32. Philoponus: On Aristotle On the Soul 1.3–5. London, New York: Bloomsbury Academic Publishing, 2014.
  33. Polansky R. Aristotle’s De Anima. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  34. Ar-Razi Fahraddin. Al-Matalib al-‘aliya min al-‘ilm al-’ilahi [Higher Questions of Theology]. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-‘arabi, 1987 (in Arabic).
  35. Themistius. On Aristotle On the soul. London — New Delhi — New York — Sydney: Bloomsbury Academic Publishing, 2013.
  36. Thomas Aquinas. A Commentary on Aristotle’s De Anima. New Haven, London: Yale University Press, 1999.
  37. Wood R., Weisberg M. Interpreting Aristotle on mixture: problems about elemental composition from Philoponus to Cooper. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. 2004. No 35, pp. 681–706.
  38. Young D. J. Soul as Structure: Plato and Aristotle on the Harmonia Theory. Dissertation. Cornell University. 2006. Электронный ресурс: URL: https://hdl. handle.net/1813/4043 (дата обращения: 10.09.2023).
For citations: Ефремова Н.В. Об авиценновской модификации аристотелевского гилеморфизма: имматериализация человеческой души. Ориенталистика. 2023; т. 6, 5: 927-942